Estructura 3:

El objeto directo:

The direct object receives the action of the verb and usually answers the questions:  who/what + verb?.  Study the sentences below to determine which words represent the direct objects.

Ejemplo: 1)  The students buy books. (What do the students buy? )
  2)  I study Spanish. (What do I study?)
  3)  I do not know the professor. (Who do I not know?)

The answers to the questions above represent the direct objects for each sentence.

1)  The students buy books. (What do the students buy? - BOOKS)
  2)  I study Spanish. (What do I study? - SPANISH)
  3)  I do not know the professor. (Who do I not know? - PROFESSOR)

El pronombre de objeto directo:

In order to avoid unnecessary repetition the direct object pronouns are used to replace the direct object.  Both forms cannot be used in the same sentence.  You must choose one (the direct object) or the other (the direct object pronoun).  Below is a list of the direct object pronouns in Spanish:

me:  me

nos:  us

te:  you (informal singular)

os:  you (informal plural)

lo, la:  him/it ( masculine)/ you (masculine formal singular), her/it (femenine)/you (femenine formal singular)

 

los, las:  them (masculine)/ you (masculine formal plural), them (femenine)/ you (femenine formal plural

 

Ejemplo: 1)  Los estudiantes compran libros. >  Los estudiantes los compran.
  2)  Estudio español. >  Lo estudio.
  3)  No conozco a la profesora. >  No la conozco.

Normally the direct object pronouns are placed before the conjugated verb; however,they can also placed at the end of an infinitive, gerund (-ando, -iendo, -yendo) or affirmative command.

Infinitivo: Necesito comprar los libros. > Necesito comprarlos.
Gerundio: Estamos estudiando español. > Estamos estudiándolo.
Mandato afirmativo: Haz la tarea. > Hazla.

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