Estructura 1: Los verbos regulares en el presente indicativo

In Spanish there are three groupings of verbs: those whose infinitives end in ar, er and ir. Regular ar verbs have one form of conjugation. To conjugate a regular verb, you take the –AR, -ER, or –IR ending off the infinitive and add the appropriate ending based on the subject of your sentence.

Some definitions:
Conjugate: to change the form of the verb so that it agrees with its subject
Infinitive: an unconjugated verb

Present tense verb endings:

person (subject)

ar

er

ir

yo

verb stem + o

verb stem + o

verb stem + o

verb stem + as

verb stem + es

verb stem + es

él/ella/usted

verb stem + a

verb stem + e

verb stem + e

nosotros

verb stem + amos

verb stem + emos

verb stem + imos

ellos/ustedes

verb stem + an

verb stem + en

verb stem + en

Ejemplos:

bailar>>bail>>baila
hablar>>habl>>habla
correr>>corr>>corren
Ella baila.
Él habla.
Ellos corren.
She dances.
He speaks.
They run.
     
comer>>com>>comen
abrir>>abr>>abre
montar>>mont>>montan
Ellos comen.
Ella abre regalos.
Ellos montan bicicleta.
They eat.
She opens presents.
They ride bicicles.


***Note that in Spanish, the subject is contained in the conjugated verb, so that the subject pronoun (I, you, he, etc.) is not necessary except in some cases as clarification.
"Ella baila" means "she dances." However, "Baila" can also mean "she dances," as long as the subject was previously made clear.

Patty Suppes 2268 Campus Box, Elon, NC 27244. Phone: (336) 278-5643 E-mail:psuppes@elon.edu
Developed by Dr. Patty Suppes. Site design by Wayne Conley