Estructura 2:

Los mandatos informales: affirmative commands

The affirmative commands are used to give commands, or tell someone what to do. They are used with family, friends, and pets. This verb form is only applicable to affirmative commands--they are not for telling someone what not to do.

To form the commands, take the third person (él/ella) form of the present tense:

Hijo, por favor escribe una carta para tu abuela.

Amor, por favor llama a tu mamá.

 

Irregular verbs:

decir: di

hacer: haz

ir: ve

poner: pon

salir: sal

ser:

tener: ten

venir: ven

 

Ejemplos:

Rebeca, ten la mano de tu hermano. Carlos, carga la canasta, por favor. ¿Dónde están los tomates? Carlos, busca los tomates. Rebeca, ayuda a tu hermano. Vamos rápido a la casa, porque su papá está esperándo. Rebeca, camina rápido, no quiero que te pierdas.

Rebeca, hold your brother's hand. Carlos, carry the basket, please. Where are the tomatoes? Carlos, look for the tomatoes. Rebeca, help your brother. Let's go home quickly, because your father is waiting. Rebeca, calk quicly, I don't want you to get lost.

 

Pon el gusano en el anzuelo, ajusta el flotador, y tira el sedal. Mira el flotador. Si el flotador va debajo del agua, jala la caña rápidamente, y enrrolla el carrete. Saca el pescado del agua, y saca el pescado del anzuelo. Pon el pez en la canasta, y empieza otra vez.

Put the worm on the hook, adjust the bobber, and cast the line. Watch the bobber. If the bobber starts to go underwater, give the pole a quick pull, and then reel it in. Take the fish out of the water, and take the fish off the hook. Put the fish in the basket, and start over.

 

 

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