The only minor concern of a caracal population is hunting by locals and natives of their habitat. The animal has been killed in the past to control populations and as sport in Africa. Habitat destruction is also an important factor, in both agricultural and desertification of native lands in Asia and Africa. In order to protect the caracal, many laws are in place to prohibit the hunting of the species. In sub-Saharan Africa, the caracal is protected from hunting in about half of its range. However, in Namibia and South Africa, the caracal is classified as a Problem Animal and permits allow landowners to kill the species without restriction. A Problem Animal is an animal that is overpopulating an area and is common to the natural habitat.

The species is protected by trade regulations in the natural habitat of Asian. The Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species lists the Asian populations as Appendix I, meaning that Asian populations many not be traded for commercial reasons, but trade involving scientific research is allowed. The IUCN Red Listof Threatened Species lists Caracals as “Least Concern” as the animal is widespread and relatively common. The species is particularly common in southern and eastern Arica, but there have been range losses in northern Africa and Asia.

In the United States, caracals are owned by some private owners, for educational purposes. Many zoos also have caracals, but they are most publicized when they are cubs or young. The zoos often showcase the cubs, as they are very small and cute.