What is It?
-Coliform is a family of bacteria common in soils, plants and animals.
-Fecal coliform, is found in the intestinal tracts of warm-blooded animals including humans.
Why is it in the environment?
-Indicates that the water may be contaminated with human or animal wastes.
How does it affect water quality?
-Fecal coli form does not effect water quality, however it is an indicator for the potential of other disease causing bacteria to be present
How does it affect adults?
-Giardiasis has the following symptoms:
pale and greasy stools
-Cryptosporiosis has the following sympthoms:
-Diarrhea may last up to a week in duration.
-Symptoms usually appear around a week after infection and can last up to one week.
How does it affect children?
-These illnesses have an increased risk for infants and young children.
What are the EPA regulations?
-No more than 5.0% samples total coliform-positive in a month.
-For water systems that collect fewer than 40 routine samples per month, no more than one sample can be total coliform-positive per month.
-Cryptosporidium: (as of1/1/02 for systems serving >10,000 and 1/14/05 for systems serving <10,000) 99% removal.
-Giardia lamblia: 99.9% removal/inactivation