7 Ways that Elon University Students, Staff, and Faculty Can Apply to Their Current Gasoline Vehicles, thus Reducing Tailpipe Emissions, Global Warming and Conserving Fuel While Saving Money:
1) Tires-Maintain the highest amount of recommended air pressure, therefore reducing the drag factor. When purchasing new tires, select the advertised radial fuel-efficient. Maintain front-end tire alignment and balance to reduce unwanted bouncing and friction, likewise improving miles per gallon (MPG).
2) Motor Oil- use synthetic oil, or oil that is labeled “Energy Conserving” on the API performance symbol while regularly changing them every 3,000 miles. In addition, both of these oils have friction-reducing substances that enhance engine performance and increases MPG. www.waynegarage.com
3) Air Filters- Regularly check and maintain air filters, because clogged filters can damage the engine and reduces its MPG efficiency by more than 10%.
4) Air Conditioning Maintenance- Ask the service provider if they are using the environmentally recommended Vampire machine. Because this Vampire Machine is able to drain the old Freon, recycle, purify, and then re-injecting it back into the AC system.
5) Antifreeze- It is recommended to regularly check antifreeze levels; while annually flushing out old antifreeze and refilling the radiators back with antifreeze that does not contain ethylene glycol. Ethylene glycol reduces the MPG efficiency due to the heat and friction factors. www.globalstewards.org.
6) High Octane Premium Fuels- It is not necessary to use premium fuel in a vehicle when the manufacturer has not recommended it in the owner manual. Furthermore, the vehicle’s performance will not be enhanced and money will be wasted. Above all, the production of premium fuels involves the use of more toxic substances that is environmentally unfriendly. www.globalstewards.org.
7) Engine Tune up- Regular engine maintenance such as the ignition, timing, and spark plugs will greatly increase the MPG efficiency, while reducing tailpipe emissions.
8 Driving Techniques That Will Save Fuel and Money, While Reducing Tailpipe Emissions and Conserving the Environment:
1) Combining Errands- This is necessary because the first two miles after starting a cold engine, the highest levels of toxins are emitted and lowest MPG efficiency is attained.
2) Rapid Acceleration and Braking- Will reduce highway MPG efficiency by 33%, and 5% during city driving.www.fueleconomy.gov.
3) Prolonged Idling- Attains 0 MPG, harms the environment, and is unnecessary when used for engine warm up. The main reason is due to newer cars not having carburetor and therefore do not require more than 10 seconds of idling before driving.
4) Open Windows- Increases the aerodynamics drag factor and subsequently reducing MPG efficiency. www.sexydog.freeserv.co.uk.
5) Overdrive & Cruise Control- It is recommended to use both or either as much as possible, because both of these features will increase MPG efficiency. The overdrive feature aids in less piston repetitions per minute (RPM), while the cruise control maintains a steady rate of driving. www.wanesgarage.com.
6) Excess Weight- Carrying heavy unnecessary items that weigh 100 pounds; will reduce MPG efficiency in a typical car by 1-2%. www.shopperfavorites.com.
7) Driving Fast- Optimal MPG speed is between 45-55 mph, thus driving at 65 mph rather than 55, and 75 mph rather than 64 will reduce fuel efficiency by 20-25% respectively. www.shopperfavorites.com
8) Manual Transmissions- The rule of thumb is to never drive faster than 10x in the gear that the car is in. Meaning that at no more than 30 mph one should be in 3rd gear, at 40 mph use in 4th gear, and so on. However, at speeds of 60 mph and over, one should be in overdrive gear, or at the highest available gear for the specified vehicle.
The three Most Practical Alternative Vehicles In Place of the all-typical Gasoline guzzlers are:
Freshman and Cars
Our group considers Freshmen and cars an important issue on campus regarding transportation. Although many Freshmen enjoy the privilege of having cars on campus, Elon's environment could be significantly improved. For example, there would be less traffic and more available parking spaces on campus if only Sophomores, Juniors, and Seniors were allowed to have cars at Elon. Although many Freshmen would then be mostly restricted to staying on campus, we've proposed a system of having another tram take students to places off campus, such as Wal-Mart and West End Cinemas. However, when the idea of not allowing Freshmen to have cars was pitched to Mr. Allen Poe, it was made clear that this will not happen. He also said that there was a proposal to create an additional parking lot off campus (by the cemetary off Front Street) for Freshmen vehicles. Although this would allow more space and possibly increase traffic flow no campus, it could also just create more traffic in this area, and just wouldn't really solve the transportation problem on campus. Another proposal regarding Freshmen and cars is increasing the price of parking permits to park on campus, thus discouraging so many people from having more cars on campus.
Phoenix Shuttle to Burlington
Copious amounts of research has been done into the practicality and feasibility of an Elon tram running on a select day of the week, Friday was the proposed day, and bringing students without cars to a shipping location as well as a recreational location, and then picking them up after a specified length of time. Very few schools in the area have such a program, if at all. The closest thing found were shuttle services run by schools located within metropolitan cities, much larger than Elon. At the metropolitan schools, shuttles run amongst the different buildings of the campus, which are dispersed throughout the city. Though this shuttle isn’t designed to transport students to shopping of recreational locations, it plays the same role the proposed shuttle to Burlington from Elon would serve.
Efforts have been made to contact the parties able to institute such a program, with little success. When Contact is made, the information will be updated, and possible outcomes of the proposal will be posted on the website.