Volume 1 Issue 1
Fall 2003/Winter 2004


This section of Arcturus is devoted to relevant articles pertaining to current
techological events in the news today.


Astronomical Events

Shocking new discoveries were found using the Hubble Telescope and a group of powerful new observatories on the ground, over the past decade. Using this technology, astronomers have been allowed to watch the dying stages of sun-like stars. It continues to explain why and the different processes of the death of such stars. It predicts that some 5 billion years from now, our sun will exhaust its fuel and begin the process of a slow death as well. To find out more about this article, click on the title.

Sun Burst
Early on the morning of October 28, 2003, and enormous mass of plasma, recorded by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, erupted from the surface of the sun and headed in the direction of the Earth. This eruption produced the third most powerful solar X-ray flare ever detected, which engulfed our planet with a flood of intense radiation, which in turn, ionized the upper layers of our atmosphere and disrupted radio communication. This blast hit earth at 1 a.m. EST on October 29, 2003 triggering a category G5 geomagnetic storm. Not long after a category X10 solar flare erupted and hurled another coronal mass ejection directly toward Earth. The Solar flares are grouped into three different classes; X, M, and C, based on their intensity, with X-class being one of the powerful ones. It was not too long ago when the largest solar flare on record, X20, occurred on April 2, 2001, but luckily it was flung off the limb of the sun away from Earth. To find out more about this article, click on the title.

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New Findings

MY, What Big Eyes…
Paleontologists Richard Fortey and Brian Chatterton have discovered ancient sea creatures that resemble a cross between a lobster and a beetle. This species, a member of the trilobites’ family and presented to them by a commercial fossil dealer in Morocco, was a one-and-a-half-inch-long trilobite with cylindrical eyes, each tiled with 560 lenses, that come up from the creature’s head like tiny quarter-inch periscopes. Its scientific name is Erbenochile erbeni. It lived off the Moroccan coast around 400 million years ago. The Trilobite family disappeared from fossil record during the major extinction about 250 million years ago. For more information, click on the title.

The Man Behind The Mummy
In 1991, a large glacier started melting, revealing a forty-some year old man who had been preserved in this ice box for approximately 5200 years. This Iceman, as he was known, was well preserved along with his clothing and equipment, which gave scientist a glimpse into his daily life during that specific Age in time. The researches ran a variety of test to try and determine where he lived and where he was born. Scientist did several analyses with bones, teeth, and intestine contents from the Iceman, along with the comparison of levels of certain elements and minerals to levels found in the natural environment. For more information, click on the title.

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Science Stars

Nobel Prizes
This article gives some background information on the Nobel Prize, as far as how and why it was first given and to whom, along with the 2003 winners in: literature, physics, chemistry, peace, economics, or physiology & medicine.

Discover Awards
Exploration of science at an early age and its effects on the futures of youths of all ages! This article recognizes six individuals who started their exploration early in life and how they followed those dream to go on and change the world. Click on the title for more in dept details.

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